What is Hemp?

The Many Uses of Hemp

Hemp or Industrial Hemp is a variety of Cannabis plant grown in the Northern Hemisphere. This plant has been grown for many uses including for Cannabidiol and fiber. Classified as Cannabis Sativa, this plant was discovered over 10,000 years ago. It has many uses including as a food source for humans and animals, fabric and textile applications, building construction applications, marine and aviation applications, automotive applications, and for nutraceutical and health product applications. Until recently, it was grown primarily and Europe and Canada and is currently federally illegal in the US. The passage of the U.S. Farm Bill of 2018 would legalize hemp and declassify it as scheduled narcotic. The FDA recently legalized a hemp derived product called Epidolex for the treatment of seizure disorders in children. Hemp is primarily used in commercial and industrial applications, including food, clothing, fuel, paper, textiles, building material. Seed oil, derived from the plant, has been used in plastics and oil based paints.


Hemp in Food

Hemp has been used as a food source for 1000s of years for both humans and animals. The plants seeds can be eaten raw or and can be ground up to form powders used to make both milk and tea. It’s high in unsaturated fatty acids and is an excellent protein source. Its protein profile is very similar to other proteins such as, meat, milk, and eggs. In 2011, the US imported just over 11 million dollars in hemp based products these products are sold primarily in nutrition stores and over the internet.

Industrial Plant Fiber

Industrial Hemp has a variety of fiber applications including rope, fabric, and building material. The plant fiber is extremely durable and is replacing wood in some current construction applications. The first home using this “hempcrete” material was completed in Ashville, North Carolina in 2010. The main part of the stalk or “hurd” is the critical component in hempcrete. Many companies including Lotus and Mercedes currently use a mixture hemp and fiberglass in their automotive applications. Ropes made from the plant fibers were used in the age of the sailing ships for rope, sails, and other boating material. The plant has also been used to make jewelry and clothing during this time, as well as used today.

Learn more about Hemp Fiber here at https://anocbd.com/fiber/.

Hemp CBD (Cannabidniol)

CBD is found being sold in virtually every state in the US in a variety of health and wellness applications. These applications include tinctures, cream, and vape products. There are even applications for pets sold in nutrition shops and health shops nationwide. The most common types are sold in whole plant oil or isolate based forms. CBD legality is a bit of an unknown area currently. The Farm Bill of 2018 hopes to address some of the issues facing hemp, including who the government authority regulating hemp should be. The Farm Bill of 2018 would permanently separate hemp from marijuana and would implement the Department of Agriculture as governing body of Industrial hemp. The classification would be based on a threshold of a .03 % THC content. Meaning that any product containing <.03% THC would classify it as Industrial Hemp. This would be great for US Farmers, who until recently have not been allowed to farm industrial hemp and therefore have been shut out of a billion dollar industry!